During the reign of Akhenaten many things changed in Ancient Egypt. The new Pharaoh modified the artistic canon, his residence, the religion, the cult…but what happened with the death?
Akhenaten, Nefertiti and their three Daughters. Altes Museum in Berlin. Photo: Mª Rosa Valdesogo
Those ancient Egyptian people from Amarna…did not die? Yes, they did, there was a cemetery. There were also mummies and coffins.
People continued being buried into tombs; and the walls of those tombs were decorated with reliefs. That is, there was a funerary art and a funerary architecture. A mortuary practice existed.
Iconography and texts point to an Egyptian funerary custom of shaving or cutting a piece of hair to the two mourners in the role of Isis and Nephtys. But, does the archaeology say something to us? The answer is yes. There is archaeological information from different moments of the Egyptian history proving the existence of hair offering to the dead.
The two Drty (two kites), offering nw vases to the four pools. Relief from the tomb of Pahery in el-Kab. XVIII Dynasty. Photo: http://www.osirisnet.net
All these archaeological remains make us think of those images of the twomourners called Drt with short hair at the end of the Opening of the Mouth ceremony and also of those texts mentioning the shaving of the mourners and the cut of the s3mt.
 Petrie and M. Flinders, 1902, p. 5, Pl. IV, fig. 7.
 Maspero, 1912, p. 170.
 It was in the group B 213, near the cultivable area.
 Wainwright, 1920, p. 11.
 Nachtergael, 1980, p. 243.
 Maspero, 1893, p. 274.
 Wagner et allii, 1984-1985, p. 188. They are in Musée du Louvre (Département des Antiquités Égyptiennes, Inv. Nº E 18851).
 Winlock, 1932, p. 34, Pl. XXXII y XXXIII.
 Peet and Woolley, 1923, p. 66.
 Crompton, 1916, p. 128. They are in the Manchester Museum.
 Daressy, 1907, p. 34.
Bell, 1985, pp. 61-86, Pl. II.
 Dunand, Heim, Henein, Lichtenberg, 1992; Wagner et allii, 1984-1985, pp. 175- 202.
 The tombs are: T3, T4, T5, T7, T9, T11, T12, T53, T58, T66.
Posted in 04. HAIR AND THE EYE OF HORUS
Tagged Abydos, Amarna, ancient egypt, archaeology, cementery, dead, deceased, Deir el-Bahari, Douch, drt, funeral, funerary, gurob, hair, lock, lock of hair, mourner, mummy, necropolis, remain, resurrection, tomb